What does adversity mean?
The definition of adversity
Ad*ver”si*ty, n.; pl. Adversities(#).
Etym: [OE. adversite, F. adversité, fr. L. adversitas.]

1 Opposition; contrariety. [Obs.] Wyclif. Adversity is not without comforts and hopes. Bacon.

Synonyms
— Affliction; distress; misery; disaster; trouble; suffering; trial.