What does anticipation mean?
The definition of anticipation
An*tic`i*pa”tion, n.
Etym: [L. anticipatio: cf. F. anticipation.]

1 The act of anticipating, taking up, placing, or considering something beforehand, or before the proper time in natural order. So shall my anticipation prevent your discovery. Shak.
2 Previous view or impression of what is to happen; instinctive prevision; foretaste; antepast; as, the anticipation of the joys of heaven. The happy anticipation of renewed existence in company with the spirits of the just. Thodey.
3 Hasty notion; intuitive preconception. Many men give themselves up to the first anticipations of their minds. Locke.
4 (Mus.)
The commencing of one or more tones of a chord with or during the chord preceding, forming a momentary discord.

Synonyms
— Preoccupation; preclusion; foretaste; prelibation; antepast; pregustation; preconception; expectation; foresight; forethought.