What does benzoin mean?
The definition of benzoin
Ben*zoin”, n.
Etym: [Cf. F. benjoin, Sp. benjui, Pg. beijoin; all fr. Ar. luban-jawi incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost. Cf. Benjamin.]
Note: [Called also benjamin.]

1 A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the Styrax benzoin, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume.
2 A white crystalline substance, C14H12O2, obtained from benzoic aldehyde and some other sources.
3 (Bot.)
The spicebush (Lindera benzoin). Flowers of benzoin, benzoic acid. See under Benzoic.