1 A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director. Ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. 1 Pet. ii. 25. It is a fact now generally recognized by theologians of all shades of opinion, that in the language of the New Testament the same officer in the church is called indifferently “bishop” ( J. B. Lightfoot.
2 In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican or Protestant Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese, bishopric, or see. Bishop in partibus [infidelium] (R. C. Ch.), a bishop of a see which does not actually exist; one who has the office of bishop, without especial jurisdiction. Shipley.
3 In the Methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of the highest church officers or superintendents.
4 A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a representation of a bishop’s miter; — formerly called archer.
5 A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons, and sugar. Swift.
6 An old name for a woman’s bustle. [U. S.] If, by her bishop, or her “grace” alone, A genuine lady, or a church, is known. Saxe.
To admit into the church by confirmation; to confirm; hence, to receive formally to favor.
To make seem younger, by operating on the teeth; as, to bishop an old horse or his teeth.